Case studies on broadband and MDGs
The second series case studies on broadband and Millennium Development Goals targets two main areas: environmental sustainability (MDG7) and developing a global partnership for development (MDG8). They were launched during the 6th meeting of the Broadband Commission in New York, 23rd September 2012.
A review of environmental sustainability in national broadband policies - global overview and case studies on Australia and Rwanda:
This case study looks at the potential and existing contributions broadband is making towards the achievement of MDG7, which targets environmental sustainability. It presents a global overview of the inclusion of references to environmental sustainability in national broadband policies. Of the 193 countries reviewed, 119 were found to have a broadband policy, 34 per cent of which contained a reference to environmental sustainability. The final two chapters of the study review two country cases: Australia and Rwanda.
Strategies for the promotion of broadband services and infrastructure: a case study on Albania:
With broadband penetration reaching 18-fold increase from 2007 to 2011, Albania is about set to implement an official Broadband Strategy in 2012. This plan identifies a number of long-term targets: including the achievement of nationwide basic broadband access by the end of 2017; doubling the number of households and businesses with access; coverage of 100% of schools with at least one broadband internet connection in every class; as well as the provision of Broadband to all of universities, hospitals and medical centres.
Strategies for the promotion of broadband services and infrastructure: a case study on Mauritius:
This country case study addresses the development of the ICT sector in Mauritius, which has become the third pillar of the Mauritian economy with a GDP contribution of 6.7%. The ICT Development Index (IDI) for Mauritius has improved from 3.43 in 2008 to 4.00 in 2010, and was estimated by Statistics Mauritius to be at 4.37 for the year 2011. The focus of the study is on the development of an ICT and National Broadband Policy for the period 2012-2020 (NBP2012), which sets out a strategic vision and establishes national goals for broadband rollout.
Strategies for the promotion of broadband services and infrastructure: a case study on Nigeria:
In 2011 Nigeria had an Internet penetration rate of 22.1%, with a broadband penetration rate of 6.1%. The country still faces considerable challenges for broadband development which are now being addressed. Through various policy instruments namely: the National ICT Strategy and Universal Service Provision Fund (USPF); the government has addressed broadband deployment and provided the building blocks for a new broadband strategy.
Strategies for the promotion of broadband services and infrastructure: a case study on Sri Lanka:
The study looks at various policies and programs aimed broadband development, such as the e-Sri Lanka initiative which has helped create demand for broadband. A “Policy and Regulatory Framework for Next Generation Networks (NGN)” and a National Broadband Policy are expected to be launched during the fourth quarter of 2012. Mobile broadband subscriptions in Sri Lanka reached 500 000 in 2011, and cost as little 3 USD for 3 GB in early 2012.
Strategies for the promotion of broadband services and infrastructure: a case study on Malaysia:
Malaysia’s National Broadband Initiative (NBI) adopted in 2007, and the implementation of other initiatives increased has increased the uptake of broadband services. Household subscriptions reached 55.6% by the end of 2010 and achieved a new peak of 62.3% by the end of 2011; this compared to just 11% penetration in 2006. A next-generation high-speed broadband service programme (HSBB) initiated in 2010 is a public-private partnership offering services to over 1.16 million premises, and should reach the target of 1.3 million premises by 2012.
The Broadband Commission for Digital Development, in partnership with ITU- BDT, has developed country case studies taking an in-depth look at the state of broadband development in four emerging economies spanning the Americas, Asia and Europe.
A series of case studies are being conducted to underline the importance of broadband and ICTs in achieving the MDGs, and to assist countries in meeting the Broadband Challenge and Targets adopted by the Broadband Commission in October 2011. The studies were launched during a special side event held at the WSIS Forum 2012.
The economic impact of broadband in the Philippines:
Describes the impact of broadband on the economy and job creation in the Philippines, with an evaluation of the development of e-applications in the areas of education, public health, media and government services.
For the period 2000-2010, mobile broadband adoption was found to contribute an annual 0.32% of GDP. This represents 6.9% of all GDP growth for the economy during the past decade.
The economic impact of broadband in Panama:
Describes the impact of broadband on the economy and job creation in Panama. Fixed broadband has had a significant economic impact contributing an annual 0.44% of GDP.
Strategies for the promotion of broadband services and infrastructure: a case study on TFYR Macedonia:
Offers regulatory guidance and lessons learned from TFYR Macedonia showcasing many initiatives related to the information society and broadband promotion. Penetration rates in TFYR Macedonia have reached 32%, and internet access for school and Wi-Fi-based Internet access points have been rolled out in remote areas.
Strategies for the promotion of broadband services and infrastructure: a case study on Romania:
Provides examples of how adopting pro-ICT policies, establishing effective regulatory frameworks and developing strategic private and public partnerships can play a key role in boosting access, affordability and demand. Romania ranks among the fastest Internet countries in the world for real broadband speeds, and services can cost as little as 5% of average monthly income with some discrepancies between urban and rural areas.